The majority of nutrition-related deaths occur in a subset of countries with ten countries – China, India, Pakistan, Nigeria, the USA, Russia, Indonesia, Ukraine, Bangladesh, and Brazil – accounting for two-thirds of all deaths.
Across all categories, China (2 million), India (1.8 million), Pakistan (485,000), Nigeria (480,000), the USA (440,000), Russia (420,000), Indonesia (370,000), Ukraine (200,000), Bangladesh (195,000), and Brazil (190,000) have the most nutrition-related deaths.
Countries from almost every region of the world are on this list indicating the wide spread of nutrition-related deaths. However, most diet-related deaths are in middle and high-income countries while most child and malnutrition-related deaths and deaths from nutritional deficiencies are in South Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa, due to the heavy burdens in India, Pakistan, Nigeria, and other countries.
It is important to note that five countries are struggling with high numbers of nutrition-related deaths across all three categories – dietary risks, child and maternal malnutrition risks, and deaths from nutritional deficiencies – including India, China, Indonesia, Pakistan, and Bangladesh, which is a reflection of the double-burden of malnutrition in Asia.